Tire cord fabric is a type of industrial fabric which is constructed using High Tenacity yarns in the warp direction and yarns of negligible resistance in weft direction which is used to hold warn yarns locked in their position. Tire cord coated fabrics provides fundamental properties such as controlled deformation, high strength, abrasion resistance, etc. Widely used by the tire industry, it is also employed for the rubber hose manufacture, air springs, expansion joints, among many other applications.
Polyester is a the synthetic fiber that detains the first place in terms of global production. It is a linear polymer whose mass comprises predominantly (at least 80%) of the ester functions and terephthalic acid. The polyester yarn is lightweight and flexible. It is resistant to ultraviolet radiation. Low flammability. It softens at 245 ° C and melts at 250 ° C. It keeps a good shape memory and can therefore be used into coated fabrics composition. Furthermore, a suitable weaving also allows good heat dissipation.
CR or Chloroprene Rubber, commonly known as Neoprene®, was the best option to manufacture products that are to be in contact with oils and fuels in the past. Nowadays, Neoprene® is considered to have a moderate resistance to these components. However, Chloroprene Rubber can be considered a mix solution as it has better resistance to a diverse source of degrading agents (like oil, ozone, chemicals and heat) than Natural Rubber. Instead Neoprene® presents lower physical properties. In spite of the physical properties, Neoprene® has a perfect airtightness, therefore it is widely used in the manufacture of inflatable structures of all sort. Its resistance to fire is also excellent, and can be presented in self-extinguishing formulations if required.