Tire cord fabric is a type of industrial fabric which is constructed using High Tenacity yarns in the warp direction and yarns of negligible resistance in weft direction which is used to hold warn yarns locked in their position. Tire cord coated fabrics provides fundamental properties such as controlled deformation, high strength, abrasion resistance, etc. Widely used by the tire industry, it is also employed for the rubber hose manufacture, air springs, expansion joints, among many other applications.
Polyester is a the synthetic fiber that detains the first place in terms of global production. It is a linear polymer whose mass comprises predominantly (at least 80%) of the ester functions and terephthalic acid. The polyester yarn is lightweight and flexible. It is resistant to ultraviolet radiation. Low flammability. It softens at 245 ° C and melts at 250 ° C. It keeps a good shape memory and can therefore be used into coated fabrics composition. Furthermore, a suitable weaving also allows good heat dissipation.
Ethlylene Propylene Diene Monomer is a copolymer of ethylene and propylene and a smaller amount of a diene monomer which forms chemically unsaturated ethylene groups pendant from the main saturated chain. These facilitate cross-linking reactions which do not affect the integrity of the polymer backbone. This feature gives EPDM excellent heat, ozone and chemical resistance. Physical properties are very good and resistance to polar fluids is generally good. Low temperature resistance is very good and EPDM can be compounded to give excellent electrical resistance.