Tire cord fabric is a type of industrial fabric which is constructed using High Tenacity yarns in the warp direction and yarns of negligible resistance in weft direction which is used to hold warn yarns locked in their position. Tire cord coated fabrics provides fundamental properties such as controlled deformation, high strength, abrasion resistance, etc. Widely used by the tire industry, it is also employed for the rubber hose manufacture, air springs, expansion joints, among many other applications.
Polyester is a the synthetic fiber that detains the first place in terms of global production. It is a linear polymer whose mass comprises predominantly (at least 80%) of the ester functions and terephthalic acid. The polyester yarn is lightweight and flexible. It is resistant to ultraviolet radiation. Low flammability. It softens at 245 ° C and melts at 250 ° C. It keeps a good shape memory and can therefore be used into coated fabrics composition. Furthermore, a suitable weaving also allows good heat dissipation.
Natural rubber is to be considered as the sole non-synthetic rubber. This particular rubber can be recycled for the reutilization, mostly for the manufacturing of tires. New methods of recycling natural rubber are under development to diminish the ecological impact of used tires and other products. Detaining excellent physical properties (elongation at break, tensile strength and abrasion) and presented in a widespread range of hardness, natural rubber has the best elasticity among all rubbers. Under ambient conditions (a mmix of the right temperature, sun exposition, rain and wind) natural rubbers shows almost perfect fatigue resistance, excellent compression and tear strength which makes it ideal for any dynamic applications.